mPING WEATHER TYPES EXPLAINED

What are all of those weather types that are listed in the mPING app? How do you tell the difference between freezing rain and freezing drizzle?

Test

Sends a test report to confirm that NSSL received your report; you will see a small yellow X appear to show your report was received

Rain and/or Snow

None
No precipitation occurring; most useful shortly before precipitation begins and after it ends
Drizzle
Very small, numerous and uniformly distributed water drops that may appear to float while following air currents
Freezing Drizzle
Drizzle that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze ice
Rain
Liquid water drops falling that do not freeze upon impact
Freezing Rain
Rain that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze on exposed objects (this will occur well before any ice forms on the ground)
Ice Pellets/Sleet
Small translucent balls of ice cosisting of frozen raindrops (not to be confused with hail)
Snow
Frozen precipitation in the form of flakes of ice crystals
Mixed Rain & Snow
Usually has the consistency of slush; almost never results in any accumulation
Mixed Rain & Ice Pellets
Often occurs as wet ice pellets mixed with small raindrops; sometimes occurs as falling raindrops containing one or perhaps few small pieces or chunks of ice (not snow)
Mixed ice Pellets & Snow
Snow along with ice pellets; the snowflakes don't have ice pellets at their core as with ice pellets mixed with rain

Hail (include size)

A chunk of ice falling from the sky ranging from the size of a pea to a grapefruit; hail occurs exclusively in thunderstorms. Sleet is not tiny hail but is instead produced by a different process.

Wind Damage

Severity 1 (Damage Trivial)
Lawn furniture & trash cans displaced; small twigs broken off
Severity 2 (Damage Mild)
1 inch tree limbs broken; shingles blown off
Severity 3 (Damage Moderate)
3 inch tree limbs broken; power poles down
Severity 4 (Damage Severe)
Large trees uprooted or snapped; roofs blown off
Severity 5 (Damage Extreme)
Homes and buildings destroyed

Water Spout

Not displayed but sent to the NWS

Tornado (on ground)

Not displayed but sent to the NWS

Flood

Severity 1 (Flood Minor)
River/creek overflowing; cropland/yard/basement flooding
Severity 2 (Flood Moderate)
Street/road flooding; stranded vehicles
Severity 3 (Flood Serious)
Homes and buildings filled with water
Severity 4 (Flood Severe)
Homes, buildings and cars swept away

Mudslide/Landslide

Most often areas of soil mud that becomes loose due to lots of rainfall and then slides down a hilside; sometimes an entire hillside will come loose in a layer and slide

Reduced Visibility

Dense Fog
Visibility reduction caused by very tiny condensed water droplets so small that they cannot be individually distinguished; essentially a cloud on the ground
Blowing Dust/Sand
Visibility reduction caused by strong winds lofting sand and dust, most often from dry and barren soil